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Mobility

The ability to move in an area can be critical in terms of access to services (health, education), recreation, work, shopping, etc. This importance has been enhanced by the spatial changes of recent decades such as urban sprawl and the functional specification of space. For example, there is often a spatial mismatch between the location of low-skilled jobs and the neighborhoods where people, that could have access to these jobs, live. Given the existing inequalities concerning mobility of persons, the jobs "available" for low-income groups may be limited. The same goes for training, recreation, etc. Given these disparities, initiatives of civil society and policies are trying to overcome these limitations and to increase the ability to move.

Mobility.PNG (454.49 Kb) Pictures by Krakow.bicycles, Monica M., Joey Rozier and Gary Brown

Below are some examples of the different types of ACTIONS (in orange) and POLICIES (in green) that aim to facilitate mobility.

Public transport

Although public transport is often not enough to ensure all daily trips, it remains a key means of transportation. Its impact in terms of reducing inequalities in access to mobility is related to multiple factors such as the cost of transportation, service (spatial coverage), frequency and time passing, accessibility for the elderly and people with disabilities, quality of services and their environmental impact, information on its operation, etc.

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Free Public Transport in Lugoj, Romania

Auteur : Andrei - Publié le : 2013-06-18 07:44 -
Photo is courtecy of the Lugojeanul.ro new portal

Lugoj became the first city in Romania which adopted a "free of charge" policy to the citizens using public transportation. The measure comes to encourage people to ride in buses, as well as to decrease the number of cars circulating in the city.

Cars

Due to time constraints, the limits of territorial coverage, etc., public transport does not always fulfil all transportation requirements. Considered to be more flexible, the car remains a heavily used means of transport. Despite its advantages, the car still has many limitations, especially in terms of cost (purchase of the car, payment of license, insurance, fuel, maintenance, etc.) and its impact on environment. Given this situation, initiatives has been developed in order to share this resource and share its costs. For example, carpooling enables the sharing of transportation costs with other passengers making the same journey, be it a daily commute (home, workplace, home, school, etc.) or a specific trip (to go on holiday, for example). Another example is car sharing, which allows people to rent vehicles at lower cost from a company, an association or another individual.

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Examples of Actions

Covoit’Stop

Auteur : Louise Hain - Publié le : 2013-08-13 19:45 -
covoitstop

Coivoit’stop is a secured proximity hitchhiking plan that was initiated by the Youth Council of Sprimont within the PCS and finally broaden to a dozen of villages of the area.

Taxi Stop

Auteur : Lorna Muddiman - Publié le : 2013-04-19 12:32 -
Taxistop Logo

Organisation enabling sharing since 1975: ride-sharing: Carpoolplaza, Eurostop, Eventpool. Car-Sharing: Cambio-car-sharing, Autopia P2P. Homelink, home-sitting. Social transport service for less mobile people, done by volunteers...

Examples of Policies

Carpooling Territorial Schemes

Auteur : Louise Hain - Publié le : 2013-06-17 08:59 -

Different french local authorities are developing Carpooling schemes especially in rural or semi-rural areas by giving more visibility to this mobility tool and promoting its benefits: carpooling platforms, dedicated parking spots, general and tailored information.

2Carshare.com

Auteur : Lorna Muddiman - Publié le : 2013-06-10 15:39 -

Bristol City Council have combined with Bath & North East Somerset, North Somerset and South Gloucestershire Councils to form a larger, area-wide free car share scheme 2carshare.com - a free web-based matching service.

Bicycles

For short trips around town or in the countryside, cycling is increasingly recognised as an environmentally friendly alternative to cars and public transport. The availability and effectiveness of this means of transport depends on the quality and extension of the network of bike paths, parking spaces, etc. but also on the costs relating to purchase and maintenance of the vehicule. Low-cost rental systems, coupled with the multiplication of repair and bike maintenance workshops, all help to promote cycling and the use of bikes.

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Examples of Actions:

CICLOFICINA OF ANGOS

Auteur : Anne-Iris Romens - Publié le : 2013-07-31 14:07 -

Provide autonomy to people who use bicycle, so that it becomes a eco-sustainable form of mobility accessible to a growing community of citizens.

BikeSurfBerlin

Auteur : Lorna Muddiman - Publié le : 2013-06-25 08:17 -

Project to promote cycling among all those visiting Berlin without the rental fees. "Two wheels good, free wheels better!"

Bretz'selle

Auteur : Lorna Muddiman - Publié le : 2013-05-03 14:23 -

Bretz'Selle was born around a simple idea: to promote the use of bicycles by learning how to repair bicycle in self-repair workshops.

Ciclofficina La Granata

Auteur : alessandra sciurba - Publié le : 2013-04-26 12:46 -

Since 2008, in Padua, a collective of students, housed in a building owned by the municipality which had been unused for a long time, started a bike repair workshop, which also has a coffee service, a bar, a small kitchen and a public internet point with a free wi-fi hotspot

Examples of Policies:

Cycle to Work Scheme

Auteur : Lorna Muddiman - Publié le : 2013-07-11 08:09 -

Cycle to Work is a tax incentive aimed at encouraging employees to cycle to work, thereby reducing air pollution and improving their health.

On foot

For short trips, walking is another way to get around that is economic, ecological and helps maintain the body through physical activity. Several initiatives are trying to encourage this mode of transport.

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Pedibus

Auteur : Anne-Iris Romens - Publié le : 2013-05-16 13:19 -

A walking school bus

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All examples of Actions and Policies

Covoit’Stop

Auteur : Louise Hain - Publié le : 2013-08-13 19:45 -
covoitstop

Coivoit’stop is a secured proximity hitchhiking plan that was initiated by the Youth Council of Sprimont within the PCS and finally broaden to a dozen of villages of the area.

Released Ex-colorificio /Project Rebeldia

Auteur : alessandra sciurba - Publié le : 2013-07-22 11:03 -

The Project Rebeldia, a social center which was for two years without a space to carry out its activities, together with the Municipality of the Commons (consisting of groups and citizens' associations that have always worked with the Project Rebeldia) occupied a former paint factory (Ex Colorificio), located in an industrial area of a multinational of about 14,000 metres, and which had been abandoned for 5 years. The main purpose of the occupation was to return it to the associations and citizen groups as a shared and common good; a place for the provision of many different activities and services to the city.

BikeSurfBerlin

Auteur : Lorna Muddiman - Publié le : 2013-06-25 08:17 -

Project to promote cycling among all those visiting Berlin without the rental fees. "Two wheels good, free wheels better!"

Pedibus

Auteur : Anne-Iris Romens - Publié le : 2013-05-16 13:19 -

A walking school bus

Bretz'selle

Auteur : Lorna Muddiman - Publié le : 2013-05-03 14:23 -

Bretz'Selle was born around a simple idea: to promote the use of bicycles by learning how to repair bicycle in self-repair workshops.

Ciclofficina La Granata

Auteur : alessandra sciurba - Publié le : 2013-04-26 12:46 -

Since 2008, in Padua, a collective of students, housed in a building owned by the municipality which had been unused for a long time, started a bike repair workshop, which also has a coffee service, a bar, a small kitchen and a public internet point with a free wi-fi hotspot

Taxi Stop

Auteur : Lorna Muddiman - Publié le : 2013-04-19 12:32 -
Taxistop Logo

Organisation enabling sharing since 1975: ride-sharing: Carpoolplaza, Eurostop, Eventpool. Car-Sharing: Cambio-car-sharing, Autopia P2P. Homelink, home-sitting. Social transport service for less mobile people, done by volunteers...

Cycle to Work Scheme

Auteur : Lorna Muddiman - Publié le : 2013-07-11 08:09 -

Cycle to Work is a tax incentive aimed at encouraging employees to cycle to work, thereby reducing air pollution and improving their health.

Carpooling Territorial Schemes

Auteur : Louise Hain - Publié le : 2013-06-17 08:59 -

Different french local authorities are developing Carpooling schemes especially in rural or semi-rural areas by giving more visibility to this mobility tool and promoting its benefits: carpooling platforms, dedicated parking spots, general and tailored information.

Challenges

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