Country: Córdoba, Spain
Picture by Yayatoon
In the field of water management, a good example of participatory co‑management is provided by the city of Córdoba, where the commonification of water services (EMACSA) began in 1979. The Board of Administration comprises representatives appointed by the city council, employees of the water company and the Civil Society Movements Council, in which the neighbourhood associations (to which 13% of residents belong) play a vital role. This participatory structure has a transparency mechanism enabling citizens who are not official representatives to follow the decision‑making process and contribute by voicing their own opinions.